Efficient and Quality Periodontal Care in Somerville, MA

Gum disease can escalate into a major oral health issue if left untreated, leading to tooth loss, jawbone deterioration, and even systemic health problems like heart disease and diabetes. It starts quietly, often without discomfort, making it easy to ignore.

However, early intervention is critical to prevent its progression. That’s the best time to visit Smile Dental Group in Somerville, MA, and ensure you receive quality periodontal care.

What Is Periodontal Treatment?

Periodontal treatment encompasses a range of procedures designed to combat gum disease and its impact on oral health. The specific treatment recommended by your dentist may vary depending on the severity of your condition but generally includes professional cleaning methods like scaling and root planing. 

Types of Diseases Periodontal Treatment Can Fix

Periodontal treatment can address various gum conditions, effectively stopping the progression of the disease and restoring your gum health. Some of the periodontal diseases that can be treated include:

Gingivitis

This is the first stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed when brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is reversible with proper oral care, such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings. Early detection and treatment can prevent the progression of gum disease to more severe stages.

Periodontitis

If you leave gingivitis untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, a more severe gum disease. In periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces known as pockets. These pockets can harbor harmful bacteria, causing infections that may damage the supporting structures of the teeth, such as the bones and ligaments.

Aggressive Periodontitis

This is a severe form of periodontitis that progresses rapidly, even impacting those who are healthy. This condition is characterized by swift attachment loss and substantial damage to the bone surrounding the teeth.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

An infection characterized by necrosis of gum tissue, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV, malnutrition, and immunosuppression.

Types of Treatments for Periodontal Disease

You must know that periodontal treatments involve surgical and non-surgical procedures. Your dentist will examine which type of procedure will benefit you the most. 

Non-Surgical Treatments

  • Professional Dental Cleanings. Regular dental cleanings prevent periodontal disease from progressing. During these cleanings, plaque and tartar accumulating on your teeth and below the gum line are removed.

  • Scaling and Root Planing. This deep-cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar above and below the gum line. Root planing then smooths rough spots on the tooth root where germs gather, removing bacteria contributing to the disease.

  • Antimicrobial/Antibiotic Treatments. These treatments can be administered as a topical antibiotic gel, mouth rinse, or a low-dose antibiotic medication. They are intended to control bacterial infection.

  • Tray Delivery Systems. You can wear custom-fit trays at home to apply medications directly to the gums. This method is used to maintain periodontal health post-treatment or administer treatments in mild periodontal disease cases.

Surgical Treatments

  • Flap Surgery (Pocket Reduction Surgery). If inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment with deep cleaning and medications, a dentist may recommend surgery to reduce pocket size and make teeth cleaning easier.

  • Bone Grafts. It involves using fragments of your bone, synthetic bone materials, or donated bone to reconstruct and restore areas of bone loss caused by gum disease. This process aims to improve bone regeneration and enhance the structural integrity of the affected area for improved oral health.

  • Soft Tissue Grafts. This procedure is done to strengthen thin gums or fill in areas where gums have receded. By transplanting gum tissue from elsewhere in the mouth, the aim is to enhance gum health, protect teeth roots, and improve the overall aesthetics of the smile.

  • Guided Tissue Regeneration. This procedure is performed following bone surgery, which involves placing a small piece of mesh-like material between the bone and gum tissue, preventing the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be.

Get Your Safe Periodontal Treatments at Smile Dental Group

Don’t wait until it’s too late to address your gum health. At Smile Dental Group in Somerville, MA, we are ready to give you the periodontal care you require to maintain your healthy smile. We can handle all sorts of gum disease with cutting-edge treatments ranging from non-surgical cleanings to advanced surgical procedures.

Schedule a consultation today by giving us a call.

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